What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is not a disease, but rather a term used to describe any sideways curvature of the spine. Looking at the spine from behind a person, the spine is typically straight. In a scoliosis patient the spine can curve in three ways:
- The spine has a curve to the left (C shaped), called levoscoliosis.
- The spine has a curve to the right (C shaped), called dextroscoliosis.
- The spine has two curves (S shaped), called Idiopathic scoliosis.
What are the Most Common Types of Scoliosis?
The most common type of scoliosis, Idiopathic affects about 2% of the population. The term idiopathic means a condition or disease with no known cause. This is the most common cause for scoliosis in children, where degenerative scoliosis is most common in adults. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis rarely cause pain and the curvature is minor. When scoliosis is detected it should be closely monitored by a spine physician in the event that the curvature progresses and may need intervention.